Achievement of Skill Development Sector #MakeInIndia
Skills and knowledge are the driving forces of economic growth and social development for any country. India is blessed with 65% percent of its youth in the working age group. As per the National Policy for Skill Development and
Entrepreneurship 2015, it is estimated that the average age of the population in India by 2020 will be 29 years as against 40 years in USA, 46 years in Europe and 47 years in Japan. In next 20 years, the labor force in the industrialized world is expected to decline by 4%, while in India it will increase by 32% which creates a need and
opportunity to provide its workforce with required skill sets and knowledge to enable them to contribute substantially to the economic growth of India.
1 The skill ecosystem in India is undergoing major reforms and policy interventions as India embarks on its journey to become a Knowledge Economy. The skill gap study by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) for the
period of 2010-2014 reports that over 109.73 million additional skilled manpower will be required by 2022 across different sectors.
In the last two years, the government has taken a host of initiatives to channelize the efforts and provide impetus to the Skill Development ecosystem.
To steer and coordinate the current skilling initiatives with quality deliverables, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) was created in November 2014 to drive the ‘Skill India’ agenda in mission mode.
Key interventions taken up by the government during the last two years have resulted in the number of trained Indians growing by 36.8% from 0.76 crores in FY 2014-15 to 1.04 crores in FY 2015-16. These trainings were done through
Central Government Programs and NSDC associated training partners in the private sector.
MSDE has made great strides in a relatively short span of time and the key policy initiatives have been launched to support the skilling mandate.
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
Launched in July 2015 with the mission statement “Kaushal Bharat Kushal Bharat’, PMKVY is the flagship scheme of MSDE aimed to benefit 1 crore youth. PMKVY is being implemented through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
A new version of PMKVY was launched on July 13, 2016 with modification and continuation of PMKVY as ‘Skill Development Component’ of umbrella PMKVY with a target to skill 10 million people over four years (2016-2020) at an outlay of INR 12,000 crore.
• A total of 19.8 lakh candidates (17.8 lakhs in fresh training and 1.8 lakhs under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)) have been enrolled, out of which 17.93 lakh have been trained and 11.9 lakh have been certified. The details of sector- wise breakup is mentioned in Annexure-I.
• 7.22 lakh candidates alone have been trained in manufacturing job roles. Revitalizing the landscape of Industrial Training Institutes (ITI’s) across the nation . The scheme envisages up-gradation of an existing Government ITI in a State to Model ITI through Institute Management Committees (IMC’s) with a representative as chairperson from Industry. The scheme was approved in December 2014 for a total cost of INR 300 crore. Implementation period
is for 3 years with a funding pattern 70:30 between Center and States. For North Eastern states, the funding pattern is 90:10 between Center and States. Some of the major achievements are:
• The number of ITIs in the country has increased from 10,750 in May 2014 to over 13,105 in May 2016. More than 1141 new ITIs have been added and 1.73 lakh seats have been increased in the last one year.
• 15,000 instructors have been trained by Central Institutes of Directorate General of Training (DGT).
• Distance learning infrastructure has been created and over 18000 trainers have been trained in last two years.
• MSDE has also enabled opening up of 8 new Regional Vocational Training Institutes (RVTIs) for women in skill development. Five of which were opened during FY 2015- 16, 2 of which have been operational since August 2015, 3 are to be opened in FY 2016- 17.
• 2,33,000 youth were awarded certificates from ITIs, and 18,000 plus graduating students received job offer letters on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day.